Protection of Private Property
You may wonder, “Can the Costa Rican government take my property from me?” Yes, it is possible, but very difficult. One thing to understand is that there are similar conditions we find in the United States and other countries
In the US and many other countries the government has and can expropriate private property for public interests, i.e. roads, easements, protected areas. The Fifth Amendment of the U.S. Constitution provides such power to the government to expropriate land with just compensation under a power called eminent domain.
There have been cases in the past where the Costa Rican government has expropriated lands for national parks and protected areas, however these are the exception and not the rule. Especially today with new constitutional procedures where the government must legally demonstrate public interest and justly compensate the landowner. Article 45 of the Costa Rican Constitution guarantees equal rights and protection of private property, be it owned by nationals or foreigners.